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Ebook El gaucho Martín Fierro. by José Hernández read! Book Title: El gaucho Martín Fierro.
The author of the book: José Hernández
Loaded: 2758 times
Reader ratings: 6.9
Edition: Editores mexicanos unidos.
Date of issue: August 1996
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
The size of the: 7.76 MB
City - Country: No data
Language: English
Format files: PDF

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El poema de José Hernández se divide en dos partes: El gaucho Martín Fierro (1873) y la Vuelta de Martín Fierro (1879). La primera narra su incorporación forzada al ejército, la huida y su amistad con Cruz.La segunda, la llegada a las tolderías de los indios pampas, la muerte de Cruz y el reencuentro con sus hijos.

El tema que Martín Fierro nos evoca es el de injusticia, del poder sin otro sustento que el dinero, de la lucha entre la "civilización" y la "barbarie", según entendieron ambos términos los "iluminados" de la época. Decía Subieta: "Martín Fierro encierra estas grandes verdades políticas, arrancadas natural y lógicamente de nuestra vida ordinaria: Falta de educación, pésima organización judicial y militar, deficiencia en la policía rural y, sobre todo, profundo resentimiento en el pueblo de la campaña contra las clases urbanas por su abuso de fortuna, de autoridad y de ilustración".


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Read information about the author

Ebook El gaucho Martín Fierro. read Online! José Hernández (born José Rafael Hernández y Pueyrredón) (November 10, 1834 – October 21, 1886) was an Argentine journalist, poet, and politician best known as the author of the epic poem Martín Fierro.
Hernández, whose ancestry was a mix of Spanish, Irish, and French, was born on a farm near San Martín (Buenos Aires Province). His father was a butler or foreman of a series of cattle ranches. His career was to be an alternation between stints on the Federal side in the civil wars of Argentina and Uruguay and life as a newspaperman, a short stint as an employee of a commercial firm, and a period as stenographer to the legislature of the Confederation.
Hernández founded the newspaper El Río de la Plata, which advocated local autonomy, abolition of the conscripted "frontier contingents", and election of justices of the peace, military commanders, and school boards. He opposed immigration, because he believed it undermined the pastoral foundation of the region's wealth. He envisioned a federal republic based in pastoralism, but also featuring a strong system of education and a literate population.
Although a federalist opposed to the centralizing, modernizing, and Europeanizing tendencies of Argentine president Domingo Sarmiento, Hernández was no apologist for General Juan Manuel de Rosas, whom he characterized as a tyrant and a despot.
Hernández is known today almost exclusively for his masterpiece Martín Fierro, the epic poem that stands as the pinnacle of gauchesque literature. The poem was apparently begun during a period of exile in Brazil following the defeat at Ñaembé (1870) and was published in two parts (in 1872 and 1879).
Hernández died of heart disease October 21, 1886, in Belgrano, which was at that time a separate suburb, currently a neighborhood of the Buenos Aires city.
He was buried in La Recoleta Cemetery in Buenos Aires.


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